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Executive Branch...

President: Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawir, 45, Sunni. Appointed after lengthy talks, al-Yawir would not have been happy with any other role. He is the nephew of the tribal chieftan of the Shammar, Sheik Muhsin Al-Yawir. The tribe is one of the biggest in the Middle East and includes both members of the Sunni and Shi’a faiths. Al-Yawir is a US-trained civil engineer (Georgetown) and made his money in telecommunications in Saudi Arabia as VP of Hicap Technology Co. before returning to Iraq in July 2003 to join the Interim Governing Council. He believes in keeping Iraq together but is willing to grant autonomy to Kurdisan; he also kept his distance from Paul Bremer, whom he accused of genocide during US operations in Falluja. He demands full sovereignty for Iraq.

Vice President: Ibrahim al-Ushayqir, Nom de guerre Abu Ahmad al-Jaafari, 57, Shi’a. al-Ushayqir is a graduate in Medicine at Mossul University and is the spokesperson for Al Daawa al-Islamiya, which he joined in 1966. After his polical movement was banned by Saddam Hussein, al-Ushayqir went into exile in Iran in 1979 and later moved to London in 1989. He served as rotating president of the Interim Governing Council. His party has refused cooperation with the Americans.

Vice President: Rowsch Shaways, 57, Kurd. After receiving a Doctorate in Engineering in Germany, Rowsch Shaways returned to Iraq in 1975 where he joined with Kurdish rebels and became a member of the Kurdistan Democratic Party. In 1992 he served as Deputy Prime Minister of the Kurdish regional government, then as Speaker of the Assembly. His biography mentions involvement with rights for women and children.

Prime Minister: Iyad ‘Alawi, 58, Shi’a. Born to a family of prominent Shi’a merchants, ‘Alawi is the candidate of the CIA and the US State Department but wants to show that he is not an agent in the employ of foreigners. ‘Alawi joined the Ba’ath party early in his youth and left to train as a neurologist in the UK. He was later a successful businessman with useful links to the Ba’ath Party due to his work as an Iraqi intelligence official. He survived an assassination attempt in February 1978 ordered by Saddam Hussein. He himself tried to kill Saddam in 1996. Returning after thirty-two years in exile in 2003 to join the Interim Governing Council, ‘Alawi has built up the new security forces, including ex-Baathists, and reached out to all Iraqi communites. ’Alawi resigned from the Interim Governing Council on April 9, 2004, over US military operations in Falluja.

Deputy Prime Minister for National Security Affairs: Barham Salih, 44, Kurd. Barham Salih is the Kurd closest to the Americans. He was the spokesperson for the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) in London before becoming party president. Saleh lived in the United States for ten years where he represented the government of Kurdistan in exile. Saleh studied Civil Engineering and earned a doctorate in Statistics from Liverpool University. He was the Coalition administrator for the Province of Suleimaniya.

Minister of Finance and Banking: ‘Adl ‘Abd al-Mahdi, 62, Shi’a. Son of a minister serving under the former Iraqi monarchy, al-Mahdi is the No. 2 of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCRII), the most powerful Shi’a party in Iraq. Mahdi completed his university studies in Political Science and Economics in France. Imprisoned and tortured, we went into exile in Iran and later in France where he directed the French Institute of Islamic Studies. Mahdi, a Baath Party member before Saddam Hussein came to power, remains a moderate and was a member of the Interim Governing Council. He was SCIRI’s candidate for Prime Minister in May 2004.

Defense Minister: Sheik Hazem Sha’lan, 57, Shi’a. Sha’lan holds a degree in Economics from Baghdad University and is a sheik of the Ghazal tribe. He rose through the ranks of the Iraqi Real Estate Bank to become Inspector General but was forced out in 1985 and went into exile in London, where he founded a real estate firm. Sha’lan was appointed Governor of his hometown Diwaniyya in April 2003.

Justice Minister: Malik Duhan Al-Hasan, 84, Sunni. Born in al-Hilla, al-Hasan is a French-trained lawyer who held the post of Iraqi Culture and Information Minister in 1967 under the monarchy. He then became a law professor and, after the fall of Saddam Hussein, President of the Iraqi Bar Association. Once a political prisoner himself, he was quick to denounce the Coalition for its mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners. He heads the commission created to indemnify the victims of Saddam Hussein’s regime.

Internal Security Minister: Falah Hasan al-Naqib, 48, Sunni. Al-Naqib is the Governor of Tikrit (Salah al-Din Province), the personal fiefdom of Saddam Hussein, and the son of General Hassan Mustafa Al-Naqib, Deputy Chief of Staff, who defected in 1978 and started the opposition Iraqi National Movement. Al-Naqib was trained in the United States as an engineer.

Foreign Affairs Minister: Hoshyar Mahmud Muhammad al-Zibari, 51, Kurd. An uncle of Mas’ud Barzani, Al-Zebari studied Political Science in Jordan and Sociology at the University of Essex in the UK. He fought with the Kurdish guerrilla and represented the KDP in Europe as head of the International Relations Bureau. Following his appointment in July 2003, he has travelled the world seeking support for a unified and democratic post-war Iraq.

Oil Minister: Thamer ‘Abbas Ghadhban, 59, Sunni. Ghadhban is a technocrat trained in petroleum engineering at University College in London and at Imperial College. Ghadhban worked in the Oil Ministry beginning in 1973 under Saddam Hussein before being imprisoned and demoted because of his backing for democratic reforms. The American Office for Iraqi Reconstruction appointed him in 2003 to handle oil-related matters.

Minister for Higher Education: Tahir Khalaf Jabar al-Baka’a, 54, Shi’a. Al-Bakaa is a historian by profession and taught at Baghdad’s al-Mustansiriyya University where be became University President in 2003. He has written several books on Iraqi regional history.

Education Minister: Sami Al-Mudhaffar, 64, Shi’a. Al Mousaffar is among Iraq’s most senior biochemists. He studied in Baghdad and earned a PhD at Virginia Polytechnic. For thirty years he has been lecturer in molecular biotechnology at the universities of Basrah and Baghdad. He was appointed President of Baghdad University in 2001, then Deputy Education Minister under the former regime. He received his current portfolio in June 2004.

Trade Minister: Muhammad al-Jiburi, 55, Sunni. Al-Jiburi holds a degree in Economics from Glascow University. He has worked for Iraqi State Oil Marketing Organization (SOMO) since 1983. He was named SOMO Director in May 2003 and thus served as virtual Oil Minister.

Secretary of State for Women’s Affairs: Narmin Osman, Kurd. Ms. Osman is an ex-Peshmerga fighter and PUK member who has already served as Kurdish Minister for Social Affairs Minister and Education Minister in the Province of Suleimaniya.

Culture Minister: Mufid Muhammad Jawad al-Jaza’iri, 65, Shi’a. Al-Jaza’iri holds a degree from the Prague School of Journalism and has worked for the Arabic desk at Czechoslovak Radio during the 1960’s and 70s. He is married to Pavla Jazairiova, a Czech Radio correspondent. Al-Jaza’iri has also written for various Arab publications. In 1982, he returned to Iraq and joined the Kurdish opposition to Saddam Hussein and the Communist Party. He was assigned the Culture portfolio in 2003.

Minister for Youth and Sports: Ali Fa’iq al-Ghabban, 49, Shi’a. Appointed to the Interim Governing Council in 2003, Al-Ghabban is an agricultural engineer trained in Baghdad. Forced into exile in Iran in 1980, he is an active member of the Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq and worked with young Iraqi refugees.

Minister of Housing and Construction: ‘Umar al-Faruq Salim al-Damluji, Sunni. Al-Damluji received his doctorate at the University of Baghdad in Engineering and became an academic. He has been Dean of Civil Engineering at Baghdad University since 2000.

Minister for Labor and Social Affairs: Layla ‘Abd al-Latif, Shi’a. Ms. al-Latif is a member of the Shi’ite Bani Tamim clan which is located near Baghdad.

Minister for Human Rights: Bakhtyar ‘Amin, Kurd. Amin is a Kurd who tapped for leadership in 2003. He is an opponent of the death penalty. Exiled in 1990, he led a campaign through the International Alliance for Justice to charge Saddam with crimes against humanity. Amin earned a PhD at the Sorbonne in International Affairs, studied in Sweden, served as advisor to Danielle Mitterand, worked in Washington as Director of the Human Rights Coalition.

Health Minister: Ala’ al-Din Abd al-Sahib ‘Alwan, 55, Shi’a. A physician trained in Alexandria, Egypt, and in the UK, ‘Alwan worked as Dean of the Medical Collega at the University of Baghdad. He also worked as head of the World Health Organization’s Chronic and non-Contageous Diseases Directorate and was posted for a time in Jordan and in Switzerland. He held a variety of positions withing the Iraqi ministries of Health and Higher Education.

Minister of Transportation and Telecommunications: Lu’ay Hatim Sultan al-’Aras, 52, Shi’a. Al-Aras was aeronautical engineer for Boeing and CEO of Iraqi Airways. Elected to the Baghdad Provincial Council in January 2004, he served as Council Vice Chairman.

Minister for Electricity: Ayham al-Samarra’i, Sunni. Al-Samarra’i is a member of both the Democratic Centrist Tendency and the Independent Democrats Movement. He became Minister for Electricty in September 2003. He received a doctorate at Chicago and was a manager at KCI Engineering, Downers Grove, Illinois. He was named in Michael Rubin’s leaked CPA memorandum from March 2004 alleging that he was taking kickbacks. He is an avid Bulls fan and keeps a home in the Chicago suburbs.

Science and Techology Minister: Rashad ‘Umar Mandan, Turkoman. Mandan earned a PhD in Civil Engineering in London. After serving as Chairman of the Construction Committee within the Iraqi Oil Ministry, he fled to Dubai in 1999 where worked on airport construction. He was randomly chosen for his portfolio in September 2003 from among 50 résumés she received by Songul Chapook--She jotted down the most promising names, closed her eyes, said a prayer, and plucked out the name of Iraq’s next minister of science and technology.

Minister of Public Works: Nasrin Mustafa Sadiq al-Barwari, Kurd. Ms. al-Barwari had been imprisoned from age of 14 under the Ba’th regime. She earned a BS in Architectural Engineering at the University of Baghdad and went on to complete a master’s degree at the Harvard School of Government. Ms. al-Barwari headed the Offices of the UN High Commissioner on Refugees in Kurdistan and orchestrated the reconstruction of 4,000 villages destroyed by Saddam Hussein. She became Mininster for Reconstruction and Development in Kurdistan and later became Public Works Minister for the Interim Governing Council. In March 2004, she narrowly escaped an assassination attempt in Mosul.

Communications Minister: Mohammad ‘Ali Al-Hakim, 53, Shi’a. Al-Hakim studied Statistics, Computer Science and Information Management at the University of Birmingham and at UCLA. He was a manager for Nortel Networks and later co-founded mobile phone company InfoClarus of Lexington, MA, where he supervised networks architecture. He still owns a home in Cambridge, MA and is a US citizen. Recruited by the FBI in 2002 to assist with planning for Iraq, he joined the Interim Governing Council in 2003 where he served as ambassador and IGC Deputy Secretary General.

Agriculture Minister: Sawsane al-Sharifi, 48, Shi’a. Ms. Al-Sharifi is ex-Agricultural Vice Minister and a graduate of the University of Iowa. She has worked for the World Bank and other international organizations. She returned to Iraq in 1984 to join the Council of Scientific Research.

Environment Minister: Mishkat Mumin, Sunni. Ms. Mumin is a professor of law at the Univerisity of Baghdad specializing in Human Rights. She heads the Iraqi Foundation and is active in the Iraq Advisory Council for Women’s Affairs, the political wing of the Iraqi Women’s Council.

Minister for Migration and Immigration: Pascale Isho Wardah, 43, Assyrian. Ms. Warda is a graduate of the Institute of Human Rights at the Univerisity of Lyon (France). She serves as President of the Assyrian Women’s Union in Baghdad and co-founder of the Iraqi Society for Human Rights. She was the Paris representative of the Assyrian Democratic Movement, the Assyrian political party.

Minister for Water Resources: Abd al-Latif Jamal Rashid, 60, Kurd. Rashid, a civil engineer who earned his PhD from Manchester University (UK) in 1976, received his portfolio in September 2003. He is an expert in drainage, irrigation and agricultural development and has headed several water projects in Africa and in the Middle East. He has been spokesperson for the Kurdish United Front in the UK since 1978.

Planning Minister: Mahdi al-Hafidh, Shi’a. Al-Hafidh studied Chemistry and holds a PhD in Political Science from Prague University. Al-Hafidh is close to the Independent Democrats Movement. He received his portfolio in September 2003. He was Iraqi Ambassador to the United Nations from 1978 to 1980 before leaving to work full time for the UN agency UNCTAD (1983-1996). He served as head of the Cairo-based Arab Economic Research Association and is a founding member of the Arab Organization for Human Rights. In early May 2004, Lakhdar Brahimi proposed him as Prime Minister.

Secretary of State for Provincial Administration: Wa’il Abd al-Latif, Shi’a. Al-Latif is a judge trained in Baghdad. He served as Chief Justice in Nassiriya and Associate Chief Justice in Basrah. He was imprisoned by Saddam Hussein and forbidden to travel or work after his release. In July 2003 he was appointed Governor of his hometown, Basrah, by the CPA, then joined the Interim Governing Council.

Minister for Industry and Minerals: Hashim M. al-Hassani, 50, Sunni. Al Hassani, who spent most of his life abroad, is spokesperson for the Iraqi Islamic Party and negotiated the cease-fire in Falluja. After earning a PhD in Industrial Organization at the University of Connecticut, Al-Hassani became a citizen of the US where he taught and headed a startup company in Los Angeles, American Investment and Trading Company. In 2003, al-Hassani joined the Interim Governing Council where he was Vice Chairman of the Finance Committee.

Secretary of State Without Portfolio: Qasim Daoud, 55, Shi’a. Daoud earned a PhD in Microbiology at the University of Wales (UK) and worked in research in the United Arab Emirates. While there, he became Secretary General of the Iraqi Democratic Movement. Daoud accompanied Jay Garner into Iraq in April 2003.

Secretary of State Without Portfolio: Adnan al-Janabi, Sunni. Al-Janabi is an economist and petroleum technologist trained in the UK and heads the 700,000-strong Janabi tribe. He has worked in several positions in the oil industry.In the 1980s he headed the foreign relations directorate of the Iraqi Oil Ministry. He was Iraqi representative to OPEC and was elected to the Iraqi National Assembly in 1996 where he was Vice Chairman of the Oil Committee.

Secretary of State Without Portfolio: Mamu Farham ‘Uthman Birali, 53, Kurd. ’Uthman Birali holds a doctorate in German and English Philosophy and is a professional linguist.

Source: Street Corner Shaman

 

 

   



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